What is Acid Dew Point?
The traditional Acid Dew point of a gas is the temperature, at a given pressure, at which sulfuric acid in the gas phase will condense. The Direct Measurement of the process dew point provides plant and process operations with information that would otherwise be a multi-variable equilibrium problem that is neither elementary, nor precise. The Breen AbSensor® technology removes the guess work and provides real-time feed back for control of process gas temperatures.
The AbSensor – ADM is ideally suited for all industrial applications within the operating temperature range. Applications include, Fired Heater-APH inlet and outlet, FCCU-CO boiler SCR outlet and downstream gases, black liquor recovery boilers and other corrosive flue gas applications.
Unlike traditional Acid Dew Point Meters, the AbSensor-ADM measures the dew point of combustion and process gases, independent of the condensable species (i.e. Dew Points of ammonium bi-sulfate, sodium bi-sulfate, sulfuric acid, water, etc.) and hence would be applicable for a wide variety of corrosion and fouling applications.
Direct Measurement of Acid Dewpoint
The Breen AbSensor consists of a Probe, with a detection tip, electronic and pneumatic controls for 24/7 operation, with a full range of outputs for integration into the plant process control system. The principle of operation is described below.
The Breen Kinetic Measurement Algorithm
The AbSensor – ADM condensables dewpoint measurement device measures conduction across a uniquely constructed probe surface resulting from condensed acid below its dew point. The condensables measurement technique and probe designs are described in United States Patent No. 6,677,765 and 8,256,267 and other foreign patents.
The detection process consists of cooling the initially hot detector surface by controlled application of cooling air. The descent rate is tightly controlled to allow continuous monitoring of condensate conditions on the probe tip The presence of a condensed liquid phase is determined by the resistance between two electrodes. When current is detected, the kinetic dew-point [or formation] temperature has been reached.
Following detection of condensate, the cooling gas is removed and the probe is allowed to return to localized gas temperature. As the probe heats, the instantaneous current is measured and reported back to the controller. When the liquid evaporation temperature is reached [detected by a rapid decrease in probe surface current], the process has completed and a new measurement cycle is initiated.
- Refining and Petrochemical
- FCCU – CO Boiler SCR
- Fired Heater Air Pre Heater (APH) Protection
- Cold End Corrosion and Fouling protection
- Blue Plume
- Cold End Corrosion
- AbS Fouling
- Pulp and Paper
- Bark Fired Boiler and Recovery Boiler Cold End Corrosion and Fouling
- RTO’s and Biomass
- Metals and Mining
- Copper Smelters
- Weak Acid Production
- Control of Sulfation Air
- Copper Smelters
- Power Industry
- Gas Turbines Combined Cycle
- HRSG Flue Gas Dew Point
- Oil Fired Boilers
- Control of Magnesium Injection
- Cold End Average Temperature Control
- Coal Fired Boilers
- Cold End Corrosion Control
For Sulfuric Acid facilities, please click here